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Equal Rights and Prevention of Discrimination at Work

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The value of equality is the life of every democratic state and is a first and foremost value in the field of law as a whole and in labor law in particular.

According to the Equal Opportunities at Work Law, 5748-1988, employers are prohibited from discriminating against employees for their various characteristics. These characteristics include sexual orientations, the gender of the worker, his personal status, age, race, religion, country of origin or nationality to which he belongs.

שוויון זכויות ומניעת הפלייה בעבודה

Applicability of the Law

Although the Equal Employment Opportunity Law applies to workplaces employing six or more workers, the principle of equality also applies to workplaces that employ less, under the Basic Law concerning human dignity and liberty.

In addition, the law refers refers to “discrimination” as an option that may exist at any point in the employee’s employment, from the entry of the employee or the worker into the labor market until they leave the labor market – when accepting the work, when determining the working conditions, at the time of promotion, in all matters relating to the training or professional training of the employees, during dismissal or in payment of severance pay, and even when determining the benefits relating to the retirement of the employee or employee.

The right to complain about an employer

Any employee may complain or sue his employer if he thinks his rights have been in any way compromised. This worker is protected by the law and the employer must not dismiss him or harm the conditions of his work for his complaint.

Other laws on equality willbe passed to prevent discrimination

Besides the Equal Employment Opportunity Act, equal rights and prevention of discrimination in the workplace are enshrined in a number of other laws:

  • The Equal Pay for Employees law –  Equal Pay for Employees and Employees Law, 1996  is a law designed to prevent discrimination between gender pay, and to provide employees and employees employed in the same position with the same employer equal pay.
  • The Women’s Labor Law –  The Women’s Law, 1954, egulates unique labor regulations for women, including all issues related to the work of women or their partners due to maternity leave, adoption, fertility treatments, and the period after maternity leave or after adoption.
  • The Sexual Harassment Prevention Law – The Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law, 1998 – is intended to define, treat and prevent cases of sexual harassment in the workplace.
  • The Equal Rights for People with Disabilities Law – Equal Rights for People with Disabilities Law, 5748-1998 – relates to the field of employment and states that a person should not be discriminated against because of his limitations.