The value of equality is the life of every democratic state and is a first and foremost value in the field of law as a whole and in labor law in particular.
According to the Equal Opportunities at Work Law, 5748-1988, employers are prohibited from discriminating against employees for their various characteristics. These characteristics include sexual orientations, the gender of the worker, his personal status, age, race, religion, country of origin or nationality to which he belongs.
Although the Equal Employment Opportunity Law applies to workplaces employing six or more workers, the principle of equality also applies to workplaces that employ less, under the Basic Law concerning human dignity and liberty.
In addition, the law refers refers to “discrimination” as an option that may exist at any point in the employee’s employment, from the entry of the employee or the worker into the labor market until they leave the labor market – when accepting the work, when determining the working conditions, at the time of promotion, in all matters relating to the training or professional training of the employees, during dismissal or in payment of severance pay, and even when determining the benefits relating to the retirement of the employee or employee.
Any employee may complain or sue his employer if he thinks his rights have been in any way compromised. This worker is protected by the law and the employer must not dismiss him or harm the conditions of his work for his complaint.
Besides the Equal Employment Opportunity Act, equal rights and prevention of discrimination in the workplace are enshrined in a number of other laws: